Posted: 29 Aug 2014 08:57 AM PDT
Water scarcity is not a problem just for the developing world. Increased water-recycling and improved irrigation techniques are among many strategies identified in North America as key to successfully reducing global water scarcity. But despite what some may see as an insurmountable problem, it is possible to turn the situation around and significantly reduce water scarcity in just over 35 years, according to researchers.
Posted: 29 Aug 2014 07:34 AM PDT
Some species of marine phytoplankton, such as the prolific bloomer Emiliania huxleyi, which can grow so big it can be seen from space, can grow without consuming vitamin B1 (thiamine), researchers have discovered. Until now, many marine microbes with cells that have a nucleus — eukaryotes — were thought to depend on other organisms to produce thiamine. If this were the case, B1 would be a major factor in controlling the growth of algae such as E. huxleyi.
Posted: 29 Aug 2014 05:39 AM PDT
Coastal regions under threat from climate change and sea-level rise need to tackle the more immediate threats of human-led and other non-climatic changes, according to a team of international scientists. The team of 27 scientists from five continents reviewed 24 years of Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) assessments. They focused on climate change and sea-level rise impacts in the coastal zone, and examined ways of how to better manage and cope with climate change.
Posted: 27 Aug 2014 05:36 PM PDT
Many of the world’s most important crop-producing countries will be fully saturated with pests by the middle of the century if current trends continue, according to a new study. More than one-in-ten pest types can already be found in around half the countries that grow their host crops. If this spread advances at its current rate, scientists fear that a significant proportion of global crop-producing countries will be overwhelmed by pests within the next 30 years.