Investment in Land Restoration: New Perspectives with Special Reference to Australia

Jay Owen Transforming Finance, Halophytes

Abstract: Investment in Land Restoration: New Perspectives with Special Reference to Australia

by: John E. Leake

Faculty of the Professions North Terrace Adelaide, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia

Academic Editor: Marta Debolini

Land 2021, 10(2), 156; https://doi.org/10.3390/land10020156

Received: 23 December 2020 / Revised: 27 January 2021 / Accepted: 29 January 2021 / Published: 3 February 2021

(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ecosystem Services Provisioning from Land)

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Abstract

Environmental services of biodiversity, clean water, etc., have been considered byproducts of farming and grazing, but population pressures and a move from rural to peri-urban areas are changing land use practices, reducing these services and increasing land degradation. A range of ecosystem markets have been reversing this damage, but these are not widely institutionalized, so land managers do not see them as “real” in the way they do for traditional food and fiber products. There are difficulties defining and monitoring non-food/fiber ecosystem services so they can be reliably marketed, and those markets that do operate usually do so in a piecemeal single product way in the interest of simplicity for the buyer, and seldom adequately regulate or compensate land managers for non-market benefits. New profitable uses of degraded water and regenerating land are emerging, but they require technology transfer or supply chain development to facilitate adoption. There is a need for a transformational change in the way land and water are used to promote a broader approach, so environmental services become a mainstream activity for land managers. A far-sighted Philanthropist is required to support an International institution to take up the challenge of institutionalizing such a ‘brokerage’ system to operate globally. View Full-Text

Keywords: ecosystem services; biodiversity; salinity; carbon-sequestration; ecosystem-service-markets; transformational change; community based NRM organizations; regenerative agriculture; UNCCD; World Bank

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